Still’s Disease is basically a disorder where inflammation plays a major role. Its most common characteristics are fevers that are high and always spiking, a rash that is of the color of salmon and always comes and goes, and arthritis. It is also known as Systemic Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. It was first supposed to have occurred in children. However, now it occurs in adults as well but such cases are few. As far as adults are concerned this disease is referred to as Adult–Onset Still’s Disease (ADSD). The disease has been named after Sir George F Still, an English doctor who lived from 1861 to 1941. Still’s disease can lead to inflammation in the internal organs as well.
As far as the causes of Still’s disease are concerned there are various schools of thought pertaining to the same. One school of thought says that the disease happens to owe to an infection caused by microbes. Then, there are others that say that Still’s disease is basically an autoimmune related issue. The exact cause of this disease is yet to be known.
This disease has certain signs and symptoms that can be termed as systemic in the sense that they are evident throughout your body. You could suffer from a high fever that can get up to as high as 102 degrees Fahrenheit (F). It can get up higher as well and the temperatures can get back to normal in a really short span of time as well. Along with this, you are likely to suffer from bouts of extreme fatigue as well. As has been said already, you suffer faint rashes that are salmon colored. They never itch but keep coming and going.
Still’s Disease is normally diagnosed on the basis of the clinical features that the illness has. Apart from ones that have been mentioned already you could also suffer inflammation in the joints (arthritis) and pain. You could experience pain in your muscles, your lymph glands could swell up, and your liver and spleen could become bigger. At times, you may suffer from pericarditis or inflammation in the heart area or pleuritis, which is basically inflammation in the lung area. Doctors often check if you are suffering from persistent arthritis, which is arthritis that lasts at least 6 weeks, or not in order to determine your chances of having contracted this particular disease.
Still’s Disease can lead to severe damage in your joints and the wrists can be especially affected. It also causes problems with how well your lungs and heart function. Normally in these cases, the doctors treat areas that are suffering the inflammation. They use anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and other non-steroidal drugs (NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) in order to control a number of symptoms in this case. In some cases, you may have to undergo blood tests to determine if liver functions have increased or not as a side effect of aspirin and such other medicines.