Dengue Warning Symptoms

Dengue symptoms | Dengue fever | iieHealth | Health Blog

Dengue fever is transmitted by an Aedes mosquito’s bite. In this case, the mosquito has itself been infected with the said virus as well. Upon biting the virus enters our bloodstream and infects us. This disease is not contagious, which means that it does not spread from one person to another. Normally, the symptoms show themselves following four to six days after a person has been infected. They can last till 10 days. The symptoms may be enumerated as below:

  1. Sudden  high fever
  2. Nausea
  3. Severe headaches
  4. Vomiting
  5. Pain behind the eyes
  6. Skin rash that appears two to five days after the fever sets in
    severe joint and muscle pain
  7. Mild bleeding such as nose bleeding, easy bruising or bleeding gums

Dengue symptoms | Dengue fever | iieHealth | Health Blog

Nature of symptoms of Dengue

At times, the symptoms of dengue may be on the milder side and on these occasions there is always a tendency to think of it, mistakenly, as flu. At times, people also confuse it with other forms of viral infection. In case of young children, as well as people who have never suffered from the disease the symptoms generally tend to be on the milder side as opposed adults and older children.

Development of serious symptoms of Dengue

However, with the passage of time, the symptoms could become serious. The most prominent among these is dengue hemorrhagic fever, which is a rare complication. Here the person in question suffers from high fever and his blood vessels and lymphatic channels take great damage as well. In this stage, people also tend to bleed from their gums and noses. Yet other common symptoms in these situations are liver enlargement – the circulatory system tends to fail in these situations as well. With time, the symptoms may only get worse.

Worse symptoms of Dengue

In such cases, people might start suffering from advanced complications such as a huge amount of bleeding and shock. This can often lead to death as well. In medical parlance, it is also referred to as dengue shock syndrome (DSS). People whose immune system is weak and who are suffering dengue for the second time are said to be the ones that are at most risk in these cases. Their chances of developing dengue hemorrhagic fever are always greater. If the following warning symptoms arise, person suffering from dengue should be admitted,

  • Bleeding from any site
  • Persistent high grade fever( 40℃ and above)
  • Severe Abdominal pain, refusal to take orally/ poor intake, persistent vomiting, any signs of dehydration
  • Impending circulatory failure, tachycardia, postural hypotension, narrow pulse pressure(<20 mmHg, with rising diastolic pressure eg 100/90 mmHg), increased capillary refilling time >3secs(paediatric age group)
  • Neurological abnormalities – restlessness, seizures, excessive crying (young infant), altered sensorium and behavioral changes, severe and persistent headache
  • Drop in temperature and/or rapid deterioration in General Condition
  • Shock- cold clammy skin, hypotension/ narrow pulse pressure, tachypnoea

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