Adults are getting inflicted by dengue and it is on a rise which is causing a lot of tension among them. Pregnant women are also not outside the purview of this rising concern and in fact, a dengue-affected pregnant woman is on the verge of a bigger risk. The symptoms displayed by a pregnant patient are similar to that of a non-pregnant one. Unlike malaria, there are no differences in signs as such. It does not get fatal either. Moreover, dengue does not cause any risk of fetal malformation or deformity.
Dengue is a mosquito-carried disease which is caused by a virus. This virus can get transmitted to the baby during pregnancy of the would-be-mom and this is the most dangerous part. Dengue during pregnancy can result in premature birth of the baby and also stillbirth. In extremely severe cases, it can lead to abortion of the baby. Sometimes, the baby is born with extremely low weight due to this disease. It is basically a disease of the tropics and subtropics. Dengue symptoms range from a severe headache, high fever, aching eyes, joint pain, bone and muscle ache, rash and bleeding through gums and nose. Sometimes, patients can also suffer from DHF or dengue hemorrhagic which if not treated can turn fatal.
It is always advised to pregnant women that as soon as you feel any of these symptoms inside your body, you must visit your physician for a checkup. Mild dengue can be treated by oral rehydration solutions, soups, coconut water and fresh juice. This compensates for dehydration caused by high fever and continuous vomiting. Tepid sponging can also be done to reduce fever. Doctors also prescribe antipyretics like Acetaminophen which helps in reducing pain and fever. It is wise to avoid taking a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen.
There is a different line of treatment for severe dengue infection. However, all of us know that prevention is better than cure. There are ways in which you can protect yourself from being inflicted by the dengue virus. The first and obvious way is to avoid traveling to places where dengue is prevalent. Still, if you have to travel, carry a personal prophylactic measure to prevent mosquito bites leading to dengue infection. The second is to shut down the windows at dawn and at dusk. These are the periods when mosquitoes are most active. Thus, blocking them from coming into your house can definitely make it easy for you to prevent it.
Another good way to prevent dengue infection is by staying indoors and turning on the air conditioner. Also, wear full sleeved t-shirts or other blouses to keep away the insects from biting you. Long pants are also mandatory. As an added measure, you can add 10-30% concentrated DEET which is an insect repellant on your exposed skin. Also, other forms of mosquito repellents can be used. Bed nets and nets on windows can also be used to prevent mosquito bites. Do not let water accumulation in common places.