Asthmatic Triggers and Their Types

Asthma is a chronic disease of the inflamed airways; this is exactly what we know about bronchial asthma. Medical science is yet to discover the real causes of bronchial asthma and the symptoms can differ from person to person. However, one thing is consistent with asthma; when the airways get inflamed by coming in contact with a foreign body, they become narrow and are filled with mucus triggering an asthmatic attack. During the attack, muscle spasm is caused around the inflamed airways making them narrow in which excessive mucus accumulates. This results in labored breathing because the airway resists the normal passing of air.

The normal symptoms of asthma include:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing

Coughing is a common symptom of asthma because the body tries to clean out the accumulated thick mucus causing irritation inside the airway. Some people have allergy resulting in asthma but not always. So, you may have asthma whereas your friend may not have it. Sometimes, the family history can be blamed for the health issue. There is a very strong genetic connection for asthma.
By knowing about the asthma triggers, you can definitely avoid them to reduce the problem.

Common Asthma Triggers

Here are some of the commonest asthma triggers:

Allergy – Asthma is accompanied with allergy and it is the commonest asthma trigger. A majority of people suffering from asthma have the allergy to airborne substances like grass, pollens, tree, animal dander, dust mites and mold. Some even have a problem with cockroach particles. In fact, it has been proven that children who are exposed to cockroach droppings can have increased levels of asthmatic conditions.

Food Triggers – There are different types of food which might also threaten normal life and lead to asthma. These kinds of food may cause mild to excessive allergy. People suffering from food allergy may suffer from anaphylaxis. Peanuts, eggs, wheat, soy, tree nuts, cow milk, shrimp, fruits, shellfish and fish are some of the food that will trigger asthma. Potassium bisulfate, sodium bisulfate, and many such compounds can trigger food preservatives.

Exercise Triggers – Excessive exercise can cause narrowing of the airway in majority of people suffering from asthma. Normally, in exercise-induced asthma, people feel the tightness of chest, experience coughing and also find it difficult to breathe within the initial 15 minutes of cardio workout. Usually, even after the asthma attack subsides, it relapses 6-10 hours later. To mitigate this attack, adequate warm up and cool down is required.

Heartburn Trigger – Severe heartburn and asthma are known as friends. A research has proven that a majority of people suffering from asthma have heartburn as an additional problem. Heartburn which is also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD usually occurs during the night when the patient is lying down. This is caused when the stomach acids do not reach the esophagus. In this case, the valve does not function properly and the acids are backed up in the esophagus causing irritation and inflammation inside the airway.
These are some of the commonest triggers of asthma which if prevented can reduce the condition.

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